Sách Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 1: Growing up – Học Hay


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Từ vựng IELTS - Unit 1: Growing up

Relationships

1.1 Look at the following topics and decide whether you would discuss them with

A. your family

B. your friends

C. a teacher

 

1. a study problem

2. your favourite music

3. buying something expensive

4. the last film you saw

 

1.2

Listen to four people talking about the topics above. Write the number of the topic (1-4) from the list above and the person/people the speakers say they would talk to about this. Write the words that helped you decide.

Speaker

Topic (1-4)

Words that helped you

Person/people they would talk to

A

 

 

 

B

 

 

 

C

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

Đáp án:

Speaker

Topic (1-4)

Words that helped you

Person/people they would talk to

A

4

movies, latest releases

classmates

B

1

academically, struggling  with on assignment

tutor

C

3

get a car

(big) brother

D

2

violin, piano, cello, popular bands, singers, classical music

grandad

 

1.3

Listen again and decide which of the speakers (A-D) the sentences apply to.

1. The relationship between my brother and me is very close…………

2. I have a lot more in common with my friends than with my family. .......

3. I have established a close connection with an older member of my family……….

4. The relationship between my parents and me has broken down. .......

 

Đáp án:

1. C

2. A

3. D

4. B

 

1.4 COLLOCATION Use words and phrases from the recording and the statements in 1.3 to complete the sentences.

1. My sister and I have totally different tastes. In fact, we don't have much ................ at all.

2. There is a very close ……………………..between a mother and a newborn baby.

3. It is important to................... a good working relationship ....................... your work colleagues.

4. A relationship can easily………….. if you don't work at it.

5. I really admire the relationship ................................ my mother and my grandmother.

6. There can be a lot of ……………………..between teenagers and their parents.

 

Đáp án:

1. in common

2. bond/ connection  (bond is usually used to describe a very close relationship between  people)

3. establish/ develop…with

4. break down

5. between

6. conflict

Families and early learning

2.1     Scan the text below and underline these words:

ewarding      sibling      relate      accommodating      adolescence      interaction      nurture

 

Study links early friendships with high-quality sibling relationships

Children who experience a rewarding friendship before the birth of a sibling are likely to have a better relationship with that brother or sister that endures throughout their childhood, said Laurie Kramer in a University of Illinois study published in December's Journal of Family Psychology.

'When early friendships are successful, young children get the chance to master sophisticated social and emotional skills, even more than they do with a parent. When parents relate to a child, they do a lot of the work, figuring out what the child needs and then accommodating those needs,' says Kramer. However, this is not usually the case when two children are interacting.

The research showed that the benefits of early friends are long-lasting.  Children who had a positive relationship with a best friend before the birth of a sibling ultimately had a good relationship with their sibling that lasted throughout adolescence, Kramer said. And children who as preschoolers were able to coordinate play with a friend,  manage conflicts, and keep an interaction  positive  in tone were most likely as teenagers to avoid the negative sibling interaction that can sometimes launch children on a path of anti-social behavior, she added.  'From birth, parents can nurture and help develop these social competencies (or skills) by making eye contact with their babies, offering toys and playing with them,' she said.

 

 

2.2     Read the text and match the words you have underlined to the following definitions.

1.   help someone/something develop and grow

2. agreeing to a  demand

3. brother or sister

4. respond to somebody    

5. the stage between childhood and adulthood

6. giving a  lot of pleasure

7. communication

 

Đáp án:

1. nurture. .  

2. accommodating. .

3. sibling. .  

4. relate

5. adolescence. .

6. rewarding. .  

7. interaction

 

2.3      Read the text again and say whether these sentences are true (7) or false (). Underline the part of the text that gave you your answer.

1. If young children have good friends then they will have a good relationship with their brother or sister.  .......

2.  Parents help their children develop more social and emotional skills than friends do....

3. Friends will give you what you want more often than your parents do........

4. Teenagers who fight with their brothers or sisters may behave in a way that is socially unacceptable........

5. If parents play with their children more then they will learn how to be more sociable. 

 

Đáp án:

1    True (Children who experience a rewarding friendship before the birth of a sibling are likely to have a better relationship with that brother or sister that endures throughout their childhood)

2    False (When early friendships  are successful, young children get the chance to master sophisticated social and emotional skills, even more than they do with a parent.)

3  False ( When parents relate to a child, they do a lot of the work, figuring out what the child needs and then accommodating those  needs ... However, this is not usually the case when two children are interacting.)

4  True (children who as preschoolers  were able to coordinate play with a friend, manage conflicts, and keep an interaction positive in tone were most likely as teenagers  to avoid the negative sibling interaction that can sometimes launch children on a path of anti-social behavior)

5  True  (From birth, parents can nurture and help develop these social competencies (or skills) by making eye contact with their babies, offering toys and playing with them)

 

2.4    A  lot of words connected with families and relationships can also be used in a different context. Complete the sentences with a word from the box.

adopt                     conflict                  family                 nurture              related            relation          relationship           relative

 

1. The wolf is a member of the dog ………………………….

2. The company  decided to ………………………….a new approach to staff recruitment.

3. The  study found a strong …………………………. between a lack of friends and sibling rivalry.

4. Whether you think the price of goods is high is ................................ to the amount of money you earn.

5. Studies have shown that stress in adulthood can be ................................ to an unhappy childhood.

6. Good teachers identify the talents of their students and ................................ them.

7. This  evidence seems to ………………………….with the findings from previous studies.

8. I am writing in  ………………………….to the job advertisement in yesterday's paper.

 

Đáp án:

1. family.

2. adopt

3. relationship. (correlation is also possible, but not relation).

4. relative

5. related

6. nurture

7. conflict

8. relation

 

3.1     COMPOUND  NOUNS  Match the words in box A with the words in box B to make 10 compound nouns.
You will need to use some words more than once.

A             active          extended             family      maternal    sibling    stable    immediate     physical   striking

 

B             family          gatherings   instinct          rivalry     upbringing          resemblance         role

 

 

3.2    

Think about your answers to these questions. Then listen to a student's answers and tick the phrases you hear in 3.1.

1. Tell me about your family.

2. Who  are you most similar to in your family?

3. What do you think it takes to be a good parent?

 

Đáp án 3.1 và 3.1:

immediate family, extended family,  family gatherings, sibling rivalry, stable upbringing, active role, family resemblance, physical resemblance, striking resemblance*, maternal instinct

*does not appear in the recording

 

3.3    

Listen again and find the words that match these definitions.

1. caring and supportive

2. the emotional connection between people or places

3. similar

4. your nature or character

5. determined to an unreasonable degree

6. handed  down through  a family

 

Đáp án:

1. close-knit.  

2.  ties.  

3. alike.  

4. temperament

5. stubborn.  

6. inherited

 

3.4    Now practise answering the questions fully.  Record your answers, if possible.

 

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Từ vựng IELTS theo chủ đề – Unit 1: Growing up – Học Hay

 

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