Sách Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 12: Information Technology – Học Hay


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Từ vựng IELTS - Unit 12: Information Technology

Telecommunications

1.1   Before you listen, answer these questions.

1  Do you have: a mobile phone; a laptop computer; a portable music device; an email address?

2  How long have you had it/them?

3  If you need to connect to the Internet, what do you use? How long does it take you?

4  How would you describe the technology you use?

A  up-to-date   B   dated      C   state-of-the-art

5  How do you prefer to stay in touch with people?

A  by post      B   by email    C   by phone

 

1.2   Listen to a conversation about two different mobile phones and say whether the questions below apply to

A   the Smart Phone

B   the Optima

c   both the Smart Phone and the Optima.

Which phone

1    is small?

2    is easy to use? ........... .

3    has normal phone buttons? ........... .

4   shows a calendar without being asked?

5   has the most up-to-date technology?

6   can obtain information from the Internet?

 

1.3  Now listen again and next to your answers in 1.2 write the words that paraphrase the underlined words.

 

Đáp án: 1.2 and 1.3 (The words for 1.3 are in brackets.)

1.   A (compact)

2.   B (user-friendly)                                    

3.   A (standard, telephone keypad)             

4.  A (displays, automatically)

5.   C (the latest)

6.  C (download)

 

1.4  Complete the crossword with words from the recording.

"

Across

1    easy to use

3    open a computer file

6   move up or down on a screen

7    work a machine

9   the keys on a computer, typewriter or piano

11   an action or purpose something is designed for

Down

2    show on a screen

4    have specific tools

5    save or keep safe

8    the part of a computer that stores information

10   information

 

Đáp án:

2. display

3. access

4. equipped

5. store

6. scroll

7. operate

8. memory

9. keyboard

10. data

11. function

 

1.5   Listen to five people speaking. Each one has forgotten the name for something. What is the word they need to use?

Speaker A: I use my ...........every day.

Speaker B:  I use my computer as a ........... .

Speaker C: I would like to get a ...........     .

Speaker D:  I can't imagine what it was like without  ............

Speaker E: I would love to get my mother a ...........     .

Which two of the words you have used needed the suffix -or?

 

Đáp án:

A. hairdryer

B. word processor

C. blender

D. calculators

E. dishwasher

Processor and calculator end in or.

Computers and technology

2.1   Read this article and then look at the statements below. Write Yes if the statement agrees with the opinions in the text and No if it contradicts them. Underline the part of the text that gave you your answer.

Has the present lived up to the expectations of the past? Throughout the ages people have tried to predict what life in the twenty-first century would be like. Many science-fiction writers did manage to predict the influence the computer would have on our world. Some even imagined that it would take over our lives, develop a personality, and tum on its creators. To some extent they were right, especially when it comes to children and cyber addiction. One constant prediction was that, thanks to computers and machines, the time devoted to labour would diminish. Even in 1971, in his book Future Shock, Alvin Toffler envisaged a society awash with 'free time'. The author noted chat time at work had been cut in half since the turn of the previous century and wrongly speculated that it would be cut in half again by 2000.

However, our gadget-filled homes are a tribute to the various visions of the future: the microwave oven, internet fridges with ice-cube dispensers, freezers, video monitors, climate control, dishwashers, washing machines, personal computers, wireless connections and cupboards full of instant food. These may no longer be considered cutting-edge but they have matched, if not surpassed, visions of how we would Jive. The domestic robot never quite happened, but if you can phone ahead to set the heating and use a remote control to operate the garage door, they may as well be redundant.

The car, of course, has failed to live up to our expectations. It has been given turbo engines, DVD players and automatic windows, but its tyres stick stubbornly to the road. Why doesn't it take off? The past promised us a flying car in various guises. In 194 7 a prototype circled San Diego for more than an hour but later crashed in the desert. Some 30 patents for flying cars were registered in the US patent office last century but none of these ideas has been transformed into a commercially available vehicle.

At least communication technology in this digital age hasn't Jee us down. Even in the most remote areas people have access to some form of communication device. The introduction of the telephone last century changed our world, but today's mobile phones and the virtual world of the Internet have revolutionised it.

1     A modern problem proves that computers are dominating our lives in some way.

2   Alan Toffler's predictions have been proven true       .

3   Household gadgets today have been a disappointment.

4   We have enough gadgets now to make robots unnecessary in the home       .

5   Today's cars have fulfilled all predictions       .

6   The mobile phone and the Internet have changed our world for the better    

 

Đáp án:

1.  Yes (To some extent they were right, especially when it comes to children and cyber addiction.)

2.  No (Alvin Toffler envisaged a society awash with 'free time'. The author noted that time at work had been cut in half since the turn of the previous century and wrongly speculated that it would be cut in half again by 2000.)

3.  No (our gadget-filled homes are a tribute to the various visions of the future.)

4. Yes (The domestic robot never quite happened ... they may as well be redundant.)

5.  No (The car of course has failed to live up to our expectations.)

6. Yes (The introduction of the telephone lost century changed our world, but today's mobile phones and the virtual world of the Internet have revolutionised it.)

 

2.2   Now match the words in bold in the text with these definitions.

1    guessed              .

2   a machine invented for a specific purpose (x 2)

3   the first working example of a machine

4   almost real

5   very modern             

6   be greater than expected               .

7   relating to computers             

8   a screen that images can be seen on

9   an adjective used to describe anything related to computers  

 

Đáp án:

1. speculated

2. device, gadget

3. prototype

4. virtual

5. cutting-edge

6. surpassed

7. digital

8. monitor

9. cyber

 

2.3   COM POUND WORDS

Match a word from box A with a word from box Band use the compound words to complete the sentences below.

A        automatic          cyber    labour     remote     silicon      wireless

B    chip   connection   control   pilot     saving   space

                               

1    I can access the Internet from anywhere in my house because my laptop has a ...........               

2    The invention of the ...........made watching television an even more passive experience.

3   In my view the dishwasher is one of the greatest ........... devices.

4    People often talk about emails and text messages being lost in ...........as if it were a real place.

5   Even flying a plane has been automated now. The ...........   is used for most of the flight.

6  The invention of the ...........  meant that computers could be much smaller.

 

Đáp án:

1. wireless connection

2. remote control

3. labour-saving

4. cyber space

5. automatic pilot

6. silicon chip

 

2.4    Correct the mistakes in the text. Use ONE WORD only. Hyphenated words (e.g. state-of-the-art) count as one word.

Today's 1 advanced has brought many benefits. For example, nowadays we have many 2 small tools that can save time in the home and, if you have access 3 with a computer and a telephone 4 connect then you can work almost anywhere you choose. What is more, modern software 5 programmes are so user-friendly that you don't even need a great deal of computer knowledge to be able to 6 play them.

However, there are some disadvantages to the 7 technology era. For example, people today want to have the very 8 last technology but, as new technology dates very quickly, an increasing amount of computer hardware is being dumped. This adds to our already serious pollution problems. Furthermore, 9 computerise has led to fewer jobs and less human contact as many everyday transactions are now done 10 with computer rather than manually.

 

Đáp án:

1.  advanced/ high/ modern/ state-of -the-art / cutting-edge / leading-edge

2.  gadgets/ appliances/ devices

3.  to

4.  connection

5.  programs

6. use

7.  technological/ digital/ computer

8.  latest

9. computerisation

10. by

 

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Từ vựng IELTS theo chủ đề – Unit 12: Information Technology – Học Hay

 

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