Sách Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 19: The media – Học Hay


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Từ vựng IELTS - Unit 19: The Media

The news

1.1   Answer these questions.

1    Are you

A  well-informed  about current affairs?

B   not interested in current affairs?

2    Do you consider newspapers to be

A   biased         

B    entertaining

C  informative?

3    Do you prefer to get the news from

A   newspapers    

B    the Internet

C   the radio    

D   the television?

 

1.2   Listen and say whether the following statements are true or false according to the speaker. Correct the statements that are false.

1    The speaker believes the general public is well-informed.

2   The Manly University project focused on stories about famous people.

3   Dan Taylor believes that the main aim of today's mass media is to inform people.

4   The study revealed that newspapers avoid reporting on the gap between the rich and the poor.

5    Important news stories appear in the back pages because this highlights their importance.

 

Đáp án:

1   False, they are ill-informed

2   False,  they focused on (significant) current affairs

3  False.  he believes  they want to entertain  people

4  True

5  False,  it is because celebrity stories occupy the front pages

 

1.3   Listen again and find words or phrases that match these definitions.

1    a situation in which newspapers, radio and television are allowed to express opinions openly

2   to send out a programme on television or radio

3    written about or spoken of in the news

4    large systems consisting of many similar parts all of which are centrally controlled

5    newspapers, radio and television when seen as a group

6   the deliberate removal of sections of a text or film considered to be unsuitable

7    a popular newspaper with lots of pictures and short articles

8    words in large print at the start of a news story or the main stories in the news

 

Đáp án:

1.  free press

2. broadcast

3.   reported

4.  networks

5.   the media

6.  censorship

7.  tabloid

8.  headlines

 

1.4  Read the following information about the same story and complete the text with words from the box.

biased   controversial   exposes   front page   publications   press   safeguards   sources

 

In response to the study, Martin Dexter from the Associated Press said: "This study seems to be rather a harsh attack on the 1 ...........and I can't agree with its conclusions. You need to remember that we have a broad range of media sources available to us nowadays. There is an enormous amount of alternative media that provide a healthy balance to the mainstream. If people want to be informed, they are unlikely to turn to tabloid newspapers to do so. Instead, they can access a wide range of journals, magazines and smaller 2............. They can also search the Web for the most up-to-date information from any part of the world.

On the negative side, there is a problem with editor verification with some stories reported on the internet because 3 ........... can be unreliable. The 4...........in place for traditional media just don't exist there at the moment."

"I'll admit that stories about 5  ...........issues are less likely to be seen by the tabloids as 6 ........... news. But I would be more concerned about content which is politically 7 ...........  or motivated. I believe there are many publishers and broadcasters that do still have a strong tradition of 8 ........... and investigative journalism. If there is an emphasis on entertainment rather than more serious issues. then this is being driven by consumer demand. Perhaps ultimately we only get the media we deserve."

 

Đáp án:

1.   press

2.   publications

3.  sources

4.  safeguards

5.  controversial

6.  front  page

7.   biased

8.  exposes

 

1.5   Now answer these questions.

1    What do we call newspapers when seen as a group?

2   What is the opposite of mainstream media?

3   What is another word for the Internet?

4   What does Martin Dexter believe is the problem with new media?

5  What do we call the type of journalism that tries to discover the truth behind issues that are of public interest?

 

Đáp án:

1   the press   

2   alternative (media)   

3  the Web

4  The stories are not always  checked by an editor (editor verification)  and sources can be unreliable.     4  ideology

5   investigative  reporting

Fame

2.1  Use a dictionary to check the meaning of these verbs. Find out the noun and adjective forms and write them in your notebook.

bias       exploit        expose             inform      publish               publicise

 intrude   invade           investigate ...........  sensationalise             verify

 

 

2.2   Use a suitable form of the words in 2.1 to replace the words in bold.

1              There has been a lot of gossip ………….. in the media about the identity of the victim.

2              Not surprisingly, the reporter was unable to prove the truth behind ...........the claims.

3              The government has agreed to launch an official inquiry ...........into the matter.

4              There has been a great deal of media hype ...........about the new James Bond movie.

5              I'm not sure celebrities are being used ........... , they often seem to court fame.

6              Most people believe that this newspaper favours the government too much to provide an

impartial …………….  coverage of the election.

 

Đáp án:

1. speculation

2.  verify    

3.  investigation    

4.  publicity    

5.   exploited

6.  unbiased

 

3.1  These adjectives can be used to talk about the media or people in the media. Decide whether they are used in a negative or a positive way and put them in the correct box.

artificial         biased         distorted          factual         informative         pervasive         superficial

invasive         realistic          unbiased         intrusive         sensationalist          attention-grabbing

 

Positive

Negative

 

 

 

 

Đáp án:

Positive

Negative

factual, informative, realistic, unbiased

artifcial, attention-grabbing, biased, distorted, intrusive, invasive, pervasive, sensationalist, superficial

 

3.2  Think about your answers to these questions. Try to use as many of the adjectives from 3.1 as you can.

1    Would you like to be famous? (Why? / Why not?)

2    Do you think famous people have a positive or a negative influence on young people?

3    Nowadays we have access to the news 24 hours a day. What effect does this have?

 

3.3   Complete these answers to the questions in 3.2 with a suitable word or phrase. Then listen and check your answers.

1    I think a lot of people want to be famous nowadays and that's why reality TV is so popular. But I wouldn't like to be famous at all. Being famous nowadays simply means that you're in the 1 t..............a lot and you're followed by the 2 p ...........everywhere you go. I'd find that very 3 i...........Famous people have no 4 p ...........at alt in any part of their life. Their life also seems to be very 5 s ............ because they spend all of their time going to parties and trying to look glamorous. It all seems very 6 a ...........to me - they just don't seem to be part of the real world at all.

2    I think they should have a positive 7 i.............  on young people, but many of them don't. Some personalities are good role models and use their 8 c ...........status to encourage people to think about important issues, but we often see photos of famous people behaving badly.

3   I think it can 9 a ........... us in both positive and negative ways. On the one hand, it's very convenient to be able to catch up with what's happening in the world at any time of the day or night, no matter where you are. But on the other hand, this kind of news can give you a 10 d............................. view of what's happening, because even minor news 11 s.............................. are given more importance than they perhaps should have.

 

Đáp án:

1.    tabloids

2.   paparazzi   

3.   intrusive

4. privacy

5.   superficial

6.  artifcial

7.  influence

8.  celebrity

9.  affect

10.   distorted

11.   stories

 

4.1  PRONUNCIATION

Which of the following sounds do these words have: s (stop), z (zoo), 3 (Asia) or ∫ (shop)?

 

artificial ………

attention .......

biased .......

censor .......

exposed .......

exposure.......

 

intrusive . ……..

intrusion .......

 invasion .......

invasive …………

publication ......

superficial .....

 

 

Đáp án:

artificial

attention

biased

s

censor .......

exposed .......

exposure.......

s

z

ʒ

intrusive . ……..

intrusion .......

 invasion .......

s

ʒ

ʒ

invasive …………

publication ......

superficial .....

s

 

4.2  Now listen and practise saying the words.

 

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Từ vựng IELTS theo chủ đề – Unit 19: The media – Học Hay

 

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