Sách Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 30: Words for describing graphs and figures – Học Hay

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Từ vựng IELTS - Unit 30: Words for describing graphs and figures

Bài tập từ vựng IELTS Unit 30: Words for describing graphs and figures - Học Hay

1. Match expressions a—g with pictures 1-7.


A. bar chart 

B. diagram 

C. flow chart 

D. line graph 

E. map 

F. pie chart

G. table


2. Indicate the type of graph or figure a-g in Exercise 1 that you would use to represent the kinds of information 1-7 below. Write a letter a-g in each space.

1. Steps in the process of recruiting staff for a company:

2. The number of children vaccinated for measles over a 30-year period:

3. The percentage breakdown of a country's total working population by ethnic origin:

4. The layout of a university campus:

5. A solar-powered hot water system:

6. Percentage of male and female police officers in six cities across the UK:

7. Sales figures for ten different types of mobile phone in twelve retail outlets:


3. Words 1-9 can be used to describe parts of graphs or figures. Complete the table by writing numbers 1-9 in the boxes. Some words may be used more than once.

1. arrow 

2. bar 

3. column 

4. horizontal axis 

5. key 

6. row 

7. segment

8. step

9. vertical axis

bar chart diagram flow chart line graph map pie chart table


4. Passages 1-7 are examples of introductory paragraphs of Writing Task 1 essays. Complete the passages with words and expressions from exercises 1, 2 and 3.

1. The _____ shows the online university application procedure. The process consists of six _____

2. The _____ depicts the city of Milan. As can be seen from the _____, the dark shaded areas represent industrial zones, and the light shaded areas represent commercial zones.

3. The _____ compares the literacy levels of primary school pupils at age eleven in thirteen schools across the country. Attainment is indicated along the _____ axis, and the schools are listed on the horizontal axis.

4. The _____ illustrates how a telescope works. The _____ on the right show the direction of light as it passes through the lens.

5. The _____ shows the percentage breakdown of company employees by salary. There are five _____, each of which represents a salary range from £10,000 to £35,000.

6. The _____ represents the number of international students enrolled at Australian universities over a 30-year period. The vertical axis represents numbers of students in units of a thousand. The _____ axis lists the years between 1980 and 2010.

7. The _____ gives data for accident and emergency hospital admissions. There are five _____ representing the five most common reasons for hospital admission and seven rows giving figures for seven different city hospitals.

5. Look again at passages 1—7 in exercise 4. Underline five words or expressions which are used as synonyms for the word 'shows'.


Đáp án:


1 d

2 a

3 c

4 g

5 f

6 e

7 b



1 c

2 d

3 f

4 e

5 b

6 a

7 g

bar chart diagram flow chart line graph map pie chart table
2. 3, 4, 5, 9 1, 7 1, 8 4, 5, 9 5, 7 5, 7 3, 6



1 flow chart, steps

2 map, key

3 bar chart, vertical axis

4 diagram, arrows

5 pie chart, segments

6 line graph, horizontal axis

7 table, columns







gives data

Exam practise Unit 30: Words for describing graphs and figures

Exam practice: Writing Task 1

Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below show local government expenditure in 2000 and 2010.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Đáp án gợi ý:

The charts show the percentage breakdown of government spending across nine categories in 2000 and 2010. Over the ten-year period, there were significant changes in expenditure.

In both years, the four largest areas of government expenditure were: education, healthcare, pensions, and defence, with education taking the largest share (24% in 2000 and 21% in 2010). The smallest areas of expenditure were transport, culture and leisure and ‘other’. Interest on borrowing and spending on welfare lay in between.

Interestingly, between 2000 and 2010, spending on all four of the largest areas had dropped, with the exception of pensions, which remained the same at 19%. Spending on transport and culture and leisure also fell significantly, with the transport budget declining by two thirds. On the other hand, spending on welfare and interest on government borrowing rose markedly, with the latter doubling over the ten-year period to 10%.

Overall, the charts indicate that the government has had to cut expenditure in most areas in order to fund the cost of borrowing and welfare.


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