Sách Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 38: Emphasis and understatement – Học Hay


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Từ vựng IELTS - Unit 38: Emphasis and understatement

Bài tập từ vựng IELTS Unit 38: Emphasis and understatement - Học Hay

1. For each sentence 1—5 circle the words in bold which are similar in meaning to big or a lot of. Underline the words in bold which are similar in meaning to small.

1. There is abundant evidence that wearing a seatbelt reduces the risk of serious injury from automobile accidents.

2. There was a negligible rise in unemployment in the last quarter.

3. We have ample proof that the stolen money is being held in an off-shore account.

4. There is a marked difference between urban and rural areas in terms of job losses.

5. There was a modest increase in exam pass rates last year.

 

2. For each sentence 1-5 circle the word or expression in italics that makes the stronger claim.

1. Based on the evidence available to date, we have come to the tentative/definitive conclusion that smaller class sizes improved pupils' educational attainment.

2. The evidence that smoking increases the risk of lung cancer is undisputed/strong.

3. It has been reported/confirmed that the royal wedding will take place in August.

4. Heavily indebted companies will/are liable to fail in the current economic climate.

5. The workers were seemingly/known to be contented with the changes to their working conditions.

 

3. For each sentence 1-6, cross out the word a—c which does not collocate with the word in bold.

1. Psychologists have come to a/the _____ conclusion that children of working mothers are not educationally disadvantaged.

A. tentative 

B. ample 

C. definitive

2. There is _____ evidence that genetically engineered foods are safe to eat.

A. abundant 

B. ample 

C. marked

3. Recent government reforms had a/an _____ effect on the budget deficit.

A. abundant 

B. negligible 

C. modest

4. The graph shows that there has been a/an _____ increase in the average daily consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables.

A. marked 

B. modest 

C. abundant

5. Negotiators for the two countries have reached a _____ agreement on how to resolve the border dispute.

A. tentative 

B. definitive 

C. vast

6. The rebels have obtained _____ supplies of weapons.

A. vast 

B. abundant 

C. marked

 

4. For each sentence 1—6 replace the word or expression in bold with one of the key words from this unit.

1. If my boss comes under any more pressure, she's likely to explode.

2. Because of more effective policing, there has been a noticeable decrease in youth crime.

3. Job prospects for graduates have improved slightly over the last six months.

4. People who gamble rarely win more than they lose.

5. No one has been able to give a conclusive answer to the question of why some people seem to be consistently luckier than others.

 

Đáp án:

1.

Circle: 1 abundant 3 ample 4 marked

Underline: 2 negligible 5 modest

 

2.

1 definitive

2 undisputed

3 confirmed

4 will

5 known to be

 

3.

Cross out: 1b 2c 3a 4c 5c 6c

 

4.

1 liable to

2 marked

3 marginally

4 seldom

5 definitive

Exam practise Unit 38: Emphasis and understatement

Exam practice: Writing Task 1

Using adjectives and adverbs of quantity and degree complete the report below.

The graph below shows the number of hours per day on average that children spent watching television. The graph covers the period between 1950 and 2010.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

 

Đáp án gợi ý:

The graph shows the number of hours per day on average that children spent watching television. The graph covers the period between 1950 and 2010.

From 1950 to 1960, there was a modest rise in the average number of hours children spent in front of the television set. This was followed by a marked increase from approximately one hour to four hours of viewing per day among children between 1965 and 1985. Over the next five years, there was a decrease. However this trend proved negligible as the viewing figure then rose again marginally. Between 2010 and 2011, there was another modest decline in the hours children spent watching television.

Overall, there has been a significant rise in television viewing over the sixty-year period, though there is some indication that this trend may be changing.

 

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Từ vựng IELTS theo chủ đề – Unit 38: Emphasis and understatement – Học Hay

 

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