Sách Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 7: On the move – Học Hay


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Từ vựng IELTS - Unit 7: On the move

Tourism

1.1   Answer these questions about the place where you live.

1    What would you take a visitor to your hometown to see?

2   Which of the following best describes the place where you live?

A    coastal   

B    mountainous   

C    rural   

D   urban

 

1.2  

Listen to four people describing where they live and complete the table below. Use the correct adjective from 1.1 for the 'Type of place' column. Write down any words that helped you decide.

Speaker

Type of place

Words that helped you decide

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

 

Đáp án:

Speaker

Type of place

Words that helped you decide

1

rural

quaint, village, countryside, scenic, peaceful, fresh air, sleepy, local produce

2

coastal

beach, sand, water, crystal clear, sea, surf, water sports, snorkelling, scuba diving, deep-sea fishing

3

urban

skyscrapers,  shopping malls, cosmopolitan, traffic jams, public transport, sports stadium, polluted

4

moutainous

above sea level, overlook, valley. picturesque, crisp air, steep, breathtaking

 

1.3  

Listen again and decide which of the speakers' hometowns can be reached:

A   by air       

B   by rail         

C   by road          

D   by sea     

 

Đáp án:

A. 3

B. 4

C. 1

D. 2

 

1.4   Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in the box. You may use the words more than once.

at   low   of   peak   reach   trend   travel   trough

 

"

1    The chart shows the .........................in tourism in Harbour City in 1970, 1985 and 2000.

2   Adventure tourism rose from a low .............20 per cent in 1970 to a peak............. 50 per cent in

2000.

3   The occupancy of coastal hotels............at close to 90 per cent in 1985.

4    In 2000 the number of passengers............by air............. a peak of 80 percent.

5     The number of train passengers fell to a.............of approximately 25 per cent in 2000.

6   The two greatest.............occurred in adventure tourism in 1970 and rail travel in 2000.

7    The percentage of coastal hotel occupancy experienced the greatest.............and.............  .

8   City hotel occupancy peaked............almost 80 per cent in 1985.

 

Đáp án:

1. trends

2. of, of

3. peaked

4. travelling, reached

5. low

6. lows/troughs

7. peaks, troughs

8. at

Travel

2.1 Correct the seven vocabulary mistakes in the text

Thanks to modern transport people can now journey a lot more easily than in the past. However, modern day trip also has its problems: airports can be very crowded and there are often long queues of people waiting to collect their luggages. One way to make this job easier is to tie a colourful ribbon around each of your luggage so they are easier to spot on the conveyor belt. If you are going away on a short journey of only a few days then you may be able to limit yourself to hand luggage and save even more time. For longer travels, make sure you take plenty of snacks and drinks, especially if you are trip with small children.

 

Đáp án:

Thanks to modern transport people can now journey travel a lot more easily than in the past. However, modern day trip travel also has its problems: airports can be very crowded and there are often long queues of people waiting to collect their luggages luggage/suitcases. One way to make this job easier is to tie a colourful ribbon around each of your luggage suitcases/pieces of luggage so they are easier to spot on the conveyor belt. If you are going away on a short journey trip of only a few days then you may be able to limit yourself to hand luggage and save even more time. For longer travels, journey/trips make sure you take plenty of snacks and drinks, especially if you are trip travelling with small children.

 

2.2   Think of a suitable word or words to complete the sentences. Then read the following travel advice and check your answers.

1     I gave my parents a copy of my.............before I left so that they would know where I was.

2    It is difficult to get tickets at that time of year so we booked ours well..........................   .

3    My bank has a lot of branches overseas so I could.............my own account easily.

4   Driving a car during.............periods can be horrendous.

5   Your passport, tickets and money are the only really.............items on any trip.

6   In the duty free shop they asked to see our tickets and some form of..............

7    The exchange rate can.............a great deal, so shop around for the best deal.

8   When we finally reached our.............we were very tired.

 

Travel advice

The price of holidays can fluctuate a great deal throughout the year so try to be flexible with your travel dates and avoid peak holiday times. It can also be cheaper if you book well in advance.  Before your departure, make sure you do as much research about your destination as you can. Find out if you require any special visas or permits to travel there. Think about currency as well. Will you be able to access your own money easily enough or will you need to take cash with you? Think about eating larger lunches and smaller evening meals to help make your spending money go further, as lunch is generally cheaper. Make sure that you keep sufficient identification with you at all times. It may also help to email a copy of your passport details to yourself in case it is lost or stolen. Label your suitcases clearly so that they can be easily identified as yours. It can be useful to store a copy of your itinerary in a prominent place in your suitcase so that the airline will know where to find you if your luggage gets lost. Be sure to pack any medication or other essential items in your hand luggage. If your flight is delayed or your luggage is lost these can be difficult to obtain in an airport or foreign country.

 

Đáp án:

1. itinerary

2. in advance

3. access

4. peak

5. essential

6. identification

7. fluctuate

8. destination

 

2.3 Complete the essay below with suitable words from the box. Then, in your notebook, write a conclusion for the essay.

affects   effect   eco-tourism   remote   transport   trend   tourism   tourists

 

What are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism?

Since the aeroplane became a common form of (1).............people have become more adventurous in their choice of holiday destination and expect to be able to fly to even the most (2).............parts of the world. But what (3).............  do tourists have on their surrounding environment?

The arrival of a group of (4).............in a small community can mean the end of peace and quiet as they indulge in one long party. When on holiday, away from parents, young people can sometimes change their normal standards of behaviour. Fuelled by alcohol and too much sun they can do damage to themselves as well as the community around them. This invasion (5).............the local people in many ways, disrupting their normal routine and increasing their working hours.

However, (6)............can also be of benefit to a small community, bringing jobs and a source of income that may not have existed before. This may mean that younger people are encouraged to stay in the community rather than seeking work in the city. There is also a growing (7)............. towards different types of holidays. Nowadays we hear a great deal about the popularity of (8)............., which I think indicates that people are more aware of the environment and wish to protect it rather than harm it.

 

Đáp án:

1. transport

2. remote

3. effect

4. tourist

5. affects

6. tourism

7. trend

8. eco-tourism

 

Conclusion:

Travellers should always treat the places they visit, as well as the local inhabitants, with respect. If people behave in a responsible way whether they are at home or abroad, then the benefits of increased tourism should far outweigh the negatives.

 

3  PRONUNCIATION

All of these words contain the letters ou, but they are not all pronounced in the same way. Put these words into the correct box according to their pronunciation. Then listen and check.

boundary   bought       journal     journey       cough     nought        course        rough        country        double      south     southern         doubt        tourism        drought        tourist           enough        trouble        trough

ɜ: (as in bird)

ʊə (as in pure)

ʌ (as in cup)

 

 

 

aʊ (as in cow)

ɒ (as in not)

ɔ: (as in ball)

 

 

 

 

Đáp án:

ɜ: (as in bird)

ʊə (as in pure)

ʌ (as in cup)

journey

urban

journal

tourism

tourist

country

double

enough

rough

trouble

southern

aʊ (as in cow)

ɒ (as in not)

ɔ: (as in ball)

boundary

doubt

drought

south

cough

trough

bought

course

nought

 

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Từ vựng IELTS theo chủ đề – Unit 7: On the move – Học Hay

 

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