Sách Từ vựng IELTS – Unit 8: Through the ages – Học Hay

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Từ vựng IELTS - Unit 8: Through the ages


1.1   Which of the statements are true for you?

A   I wear a digital watch.             

B   I wear an analogue watch.    

C   I don't wear a watch.


A    I write important dates on my calendar.        

B    I keep a diary.            

C   I don't use either.


A    I am very punctual. 

B    I am often in a hurry.              

C   I am always late.


1.2  Listen to three people speaking about punctuality and decide whether they are

We use take+ time in the following ways: Take

A   punctual

B   always in a hurry

C   always late


Speaker 1      


Speaker 3      


Đáp án:

1. C

2. B

3. A


1.3  Listen again and circle each of the phrases in the box as you hear them. Then complete the sentences below using the correct phrase.

the right time       spend time           save time         lose track of time   time-consuming

on time       in time                took so long  take my time


1     When I surf the net I often.............. . Before I know it a few hours have gone by.

2    I try to make my lunch the night before to………………….

3    At the weekend I try to..............with my family.

4    I find writing notes by hand very.............. .

5    We booked a taxi but it..............to arrive that we were 15 minutes late.

6   Excuse me. do you have.............. ? I have an appointment at 10 o'clock and I really want to get there...............

7    I ran for the bus, but I didn't get there……………….

8    I got up very early so that I could............... getting ready.


Đáp án:

1. lose (all) track of time

2. save time

3. spend time

4  time-consuming

5. took so long (not so long time)

6  the right time ... on time

7. in time

8. take my time


1.4  Say whether the words in bold are closest in meaning to before or after.

1   Twenty people were injured in the accident and the tower was subsequently demolished to prevent it from happening again.

2   Prior to the introduction of the steam engine, most people in the UK worked from home.

3   Three years previously the government had introduced a new law allowing women to vote for the first time.

4   There was a great deal of excitement in the days preceding the election.

5   This is the third year in succession that a female has been chosen to manage the club.

6   Istanbul was formerly known as Constantinople.

7   I had to pay $2,000 rent in advance.

8   The newspapers warned that a stock market crash was imminent.


Đáp án:

1. after

2. before

3. before

4. before

5. (one) after (another)

6. before

7. before

8. (very soon) after


2.1   Read the text and then answer the questions below.      

Stonehenge was built over a long period. If we consider only the ancient stones themselves, the work spanned seventy generations - some 1,600 years. However, the first construction at this site began in prehistoric times. True, these first artefacts were just wooden poles which have long gone, but these were raised by men in times so ancient that Britain was still recovering from the Ice Age. The timeline below shows this history, with a frenzy of activity from just before 3000 BC through to 1600 BC being responsible for most of what we now gaze upon in awe.


If we consider the structure chronologically, we can see that construction took place in several phases over more than a thousand years. Exact dates are not possible, since dates are inferred from minute changes in physical measurements, such as the radiocarbon dating method. Nevertheless, archaeologists have sketched out the following outline of events. First, the people of the Mesolithic period erected pine posts, known as the postholes, near Stonehenge. In the 1960s a car park was built over these. During the next stage, Phase 1 (c. 3100 to 2700 BC), a ditch was carved into the chalk less than 1 km from Stonehenge. This would have appeared brilliant white in the green of what had now become pastureland as the hunter-gatherers that erected the postholes gave way to farmers. Also during this time the 'henge' (the earthworks; ditch and bank) was constructed. Many visitors to Stonehenge fail to notice the 'henge' since the ditch and bank have been greatly eroded over the passing millennia. In Phase 2 of the construction (c. 2 700 to c. 2500 BC), a large number of wooden posts were placed on the site. These may have served as markers for astronomical measurements. We do not know if there are more of them as excavation did not cover a large area. This was followed by Phase 3 (c. 2600 to 2500 BC). Stones began to arrive in this era and the circular shape and pattern of these enormous stones, which predate all other known structures, is still standing today. According to historians, there was no written mention of Stonehenge until 1100 AD.

1    Approximately when was the Mesolithic period?.............. .

2   What method was used to establish the dates of construction?.............. .

3   When did the earliest structures become permanently hidden from view?.............. .

4    What type of people lived at Stonehenge during the Mesolithic period?           .

5    Why do many visitors not see the 'henge'?.............. .


Đáp án:

1. 8000BC (see timeline)

2. radiocarbon dating (Exact dotes ore not possible, since dates ore inferred from minute changes in physical measurements. such as the radiocarbon dating method.)

3. (in the). 1960s (In the 1960s a car park was built over these.)

4. hunter-gatherers. (the hunter-gatherers that erected the postholes)

5. because it has eroded (Many visitors to Stonehenge. fail to notice the 'henge' since the ditch and bank have been greatly eroded over the passing millennia.)


2.2  Read the text again and find a word or words that match these definitions.

1     an interval of time        

2   very old

3   extended over

4   before people made written records of events

5    arranged in the order in which they actually happened

 6   stage of development

7    worn away over time             

8   thousands of years.

9   digging for artefacts

10   a period of history

11    to exist earlier than something else


Đáp án:

1. period

2. ancient

3. spanned

4. prehistoric

5. chronologically

6. phase

7. eroded

8. millennia

9. excavation

10. era

11. predate


2.3 Complete the sentences with suitable words from the box. You do not need to use all of the words. Use a dictionary and make a note of the different meanings in your notebook.

age            ancient                 chronological             antique            antiquated            consecutive         era

the Middle Ages               middle-aged


1     You should organise the dates into..............order from the oldest to the most recent.

2     The museum has an excellent exhibition about life during...............

3     I much prefer studying..............history to modern history.

4    The first moon landing marked the beginning of an exciting.............. in space exploration.

5     My grandparents are refusing to adapt to the computer...............

6     It would be better if the meetings were on..............days. We'd get more done that way.


Đáp án:

1. chronological

2. the Middle Ages

3. ancient

4. era

5. age

6. consecutive


3.1 Answer the questions in your notebook.

1     Do you often think back to the past or do you prefer to concentrate on the future?

2    Do you think it is important for children to study history? {Why?/ Why not?)

3   If you could go back in time, which period of time would you like to visit? (Why?)



3.2   Correct the mistakes in italics in these answers to the questions in 3.1. Use a dictionary to help you.

1   Yes, I do think about the past almost all times, in fact. I think I am a very nostalgia person, so I often look backwards at my life and remember good times as well as bad. I definitely think about it more than the future.

2    I didn't really enjoy studying history at school. I think teenagers are more interested in the modern time than in the past! But now that I'm older, I can see that actually it is very important. We need to know about important history events because hopefully they can stop us from making the same mistakes in the future.

3    The stage of history I'd most like to visit is ancient Egypt. I think it would be amazing to go back in times and watch how they lived and how they built the pyramids. I wouldn't want to stay long though - I think I would miss the digital period too much!


Đáp án:

1.   nostalgia nostalgic; look backwards look back;

2.   the modern time the modern age / modern times; history historical

3.   stage period; go-back in times go back in time; period age


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Từ vựng IELTS theo chủ đề – Unit 8: Through the ages – Học Hay



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