Sách 600 Từ vựng TOEIC – Lesson 42: Theatre – Học Hay


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600 Từ vựng TOEIC– Lesson 42: Theatre

Words in Context 600 Từ vựng TOEIC – Lesson 42: Theatre

Read the following passage and write the words in the blanks below.

action          created            experiences        rehearsal         approach            dialogue          occurs           reviews              audience              elements             performance             sell out

 

Many people find nothing as exciting as an evening of live theater. The theater combines great works of literature written for the stage, the talents of great actors, and the efforts of hundreds of skilled artisans who work to create a mood. This mood, (1) _____ by the actors, director, and playwright with the supporting (2) _____ of sets, lighting, and costumes, is what makes a theatrical (3) _____ magical. When the curtain goes up, this magic (4) _____ right before your eyes.

The director of a play will (5) _____ the work from his or her own artistic perspective. Each director has a different vision and this shapes how he or she directs the movement or (6) _____ between the characters. Directors use not only their theatrical training, but real-life experiences to create a meaningful, realistic evening. Actors also bring their own artistic and personal (7) _____ to their work. This is why every staging of a play is unique.

Plays construct another world before your eyes. Ordinary words turn into meaningful (8) _____. Costumes and sets can be realistic or symbolic. Everything in a play looks easy, but it takes many weeks of (9) _____ to get everything in place.

Watching a play from the (10) _____ is great fun. To find out if a play is good, look for (11) _____ in the newspapers or ask friends. When plays are really popular, the available seats can fill up quickly and the play will (12) _____.

 

Đáp án:

1. created

2. elements

3. performance

4. occurs

5. approach

6. action

7. experiences

8. dialogue

9. rehearsal

10. audience

11. reviews

12. sell out

Word Families 600 Từ vựng TOEIC – Lesson 42: Theatre

Word Practice 600 Từ vựng TOEIC – Lesson 42: Theatre

Listening Comprehension

Part 1 Photo

 

Look at the picture and listen to the sentences. Choose the sentence that best describes the picture.

1.

A.

B.

C.

 

Đáp án: A

 

Part 2 Question-Response

Listen to the question and the three responses. Choose the response that best answers the question.

2.

A.

B.

C.

3.

A.

B.

C.

 

Đáp án:

2. B

3. C

 

Part 3 Conversation

Listen to the dialogue. Then read each question and choose the best answer.

4. When did the review appear in the newspaper?

(A) Today.

(B) Yesterday.

(C) Four weeks ago.

(D) Five weeks ago.

5. What does the woman say about the play?

(A) She has heard that it is funny.

(B) Tickets are still on sale.

(C) It got a bad review.

(D) The dialogue is hard to understand.

6. What did the woman do last Friday?

(A) She wrote a review.

(B) She won a prize.

(C) She saw a performance.

(D) She bought tickets.

 

Đáp án:

4. B

5. A

6. D

 

Part 4 Talk

Listen to the talk. Then read each question and choose the best answer.

7. When can a performance of Romeo and Juliet be seen?

(A) Today.

(B) On Thursday afternoon.

(C) On Sunday morning.

(D) On Thursday evening.

8. How can you get tickets to the play?

(A) Call the Shakespeare Organization.

(B) Call 656-9025.

(C) Write to the theater.

(D) Order them by e-mail.

9. Where can reviews of the play be read?

(A) In a newspaper.

(B) On a web site.

(C) In a magazine.

(D) At the theater.

 

Đáp án:

7. D

8. D

9. B

Reading

Part 5 Incomplete Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the sentence.

10. The director’s creativity showed in everything from her _____ to the literary quality of the play to the costumes and sets.

(A) approaching

(B) approach

(C) approachable

(D) approachability

11. Edward is a very talented _____ although he can’t sing or dance well at all.

(A) actor

(C) action

(B) acts

(D) acting

12. As your director, I call upon you to bring your life _____ into your role.

(A) experienced

(B) experiencing

(C) experiential

(D) experience

13. I am not _____ enough to work in the theater, but I certainly enjoy attending it.

(A) create

(C) creative

(B) creativeness

(D) creativity

14. I look forward to the annual _____ of The Nutcracker ballet.

(A) performance

(B) performer

(C) perform

(D) performable

15. There isn't much time left to _____ before the play opens.

(A) rehearsals

(B) rehearse

(C) rehearsing

(D) rehearsed

 

Đáp án:

10. B

11. A

12. D

13. C

14. A

15. B

 

Part 6 Text Completion

 

To: Jack Sprague

From: Sabrina Clark

Subject: Play

 

Hi Jack,

 

I just saw that play that opened recently at the City Theater. You really ought to see it, too. I know you would enjoy the experience. The play combines _____ (16) from both comedy and drama, so it’s funny, but it also has an important message. Some people say this play is boring because there isn’t a lot of action, but I think the _____ (17) is very creative. The actors say some really funny lines. The whole performance is superb; you can tell that the actors rehearsed a long time before the play opened. You should call the theater today to get a ticket because they will probably sell _____ (18) soon. Let me know how you like the play.

 

Sabrina

 

16.

 (A) elements

(B) elemental

(C) elementally

(D) elementary

17.

(A) analogue

(B) prologue

(C) dialogue

(D) catalogue

18.

(A) up

(B) out

(C) from

(D) down

 

Đáp án:

16. A

17. C

18. B

 

Part 7 Reading Comprehension

Audiences have waited a long time for the opening of the play Dusk to Dawn at the City Theater. Unfortunately. the long wait only adds to the disappointment of seeing a mediocre play, It is an uncomfortable experience from start to finish. The action is slow and the dialogue boring. The performance by most of the cast is awkward and, on the night I attended at least. many of the actors forgot their lines They obviously did not rehearse enough before opening night. The plot is trite. Theatregoers had been told to expect a fresh approach to the age-old boy-meets-girl romance story. Instead, we get a story that is dull enough to drive one to tears. Although the play is relatively short—under two hours—the performance is so tedious it seems to drag on for three or four hours. The audience made an audible sigh of relief when the final curtain dropped. Rather than the predicted sold out performances, I expect that the play will close very shortly. Unfortunately, the producers invested a lot of money in this play, which they are not likely to get back. My advice to would-be theatregoers: spend the weekend at the movies instead.

 

19. What is the reviewer’s opinion of the play?

(A) It’s very sad.

(B) It’s boring.

(C) It's too short.

(D) It’s romantic.

20. How long is the play?

(A) Less than two hours.

(B) Exactly two hours.

(C) Three hours.

(D) Four hours.

21. What does the reviewer predict about the play?

(A) The performances will be sold out.

(B) The producers will make a lot of money.

(C) The play will be made into a movie.

(D) The play will close in a short time.

22. The word experience in line 5 is closest in meaning to

(A) act

(B) wait

(C) event

(D) seat

23. The word rehearse in line 9 is closest in meaning to

(A) plan

(B) sleep

(C) memorize

 (D) practice

 

Đáp án:

19. B

20. A

21. D

22. C

23. D

 

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